Sustainable Nutrition for All in Uganda and Zambia (SN4A-II)

This project is active

SNV in partnership with The Swiss Agency for Development & Cooperation Agency (SDC) are pioneering a new and innovative model to empower communities in Zambia and Uganda to reduce the causes of malnutrition, themselves.

Malnutrition is caused by inadequate vitamin and mineral consumption as part of a diverse diet, and affects millions of people worldwide. Causing stunted growth and preventing normal physical and mental development, malnutrition not only impacts this generation but its effects can be inherited by the next. There are many complex reasons why people don't eat a healthy diverse diet including: a lack of access to a variety of foods, a lack of knowledge of the benefits of a diverse diet, and cultural norms and traditions that govern which foods are eaten by different members of the household.  Many interventions in the past have neglected to address all of these complexities; assuming that with enough food to eat, good nutrition will follow.

The Sustainable Nutrition 4 All (SN4A) programme is different. It is a holistic approach that addresses all of these factors simultaneously; improving nutrition by building the capacity of communities to make the change themselves.

Improved nutrition outcomes are addressed by encouraging community adoption of agro-biodiversity and improved dietary diversity, particularly at household level. The SN4A approach induces behavioural change by triggering an understanding of the critical factors for improved nutrition, with a special focus on intra-household gender relations. SN4A also increases local capacity to trigger demand for more nutritious foods, while also improving the supply of nutrient-rich vegetables from smallholder farmers, and increasing national governance capacity.

What's new?

Key facts



Increasing household agro-biodiversity and inducing behavioural change at intra-household level through communication targeted at the benefits of dietary diversity, nutrition and agro-biodivesity.


Building capacity among local leaders and district level service providers in triggering and maintaining demand for intra-household dietary diversity at scale.


Strengthening national governance capacity for intra-household dietary diversity and improved nutrition; generating the evidence base to support the development of national, regional and global policies that support nutrition-sensitive interventions.

Our results

We reached
Improved nutrition scores
among young women
Improved nutrition score
among infants

Project in countries

SN4A in Uganda

Relative to its size, Uganda has a large population (34.5 million) and a high population growth rate of 3.2% compared to the world average of 1.2%. Uganda is generally considered self-sufficient in terms of food production. However, the country still grapples with high costs of certain foods as well as distribution challenges that lead to acute seasonal and chronic year-round undernutrition and food insecurity.

A baseline study carried out in May 2015 showed that there are high levels of stunting among children between 6-23 months: 39.7% in Kasese and 30.1% in Kyenjojo. The 2016 Uganda Health and Demographic Survey puts the stunting levels in Tooro  (where Kasese and Kyenjojo are found) at 40.6%, which is the highest in the country compared to 29% national average. The project goal is to improve nutrition outcomes in 12,310 households through the adoption of agro-biodiversity and improved dietary diversity at intra-household level. This is being promoted in two sub-counties: Kisinga in Kasese and Nyabuharwa in Kyenjojo district.

Improved nutrition for
Vegetable gardens established in
Nutrition hubs established in
primary schools
Nutrition Action Groups trained

SN4A in Zambia

The SN4A approach in Zambia creates awareness of the importance of good nutriton and increases local capacity to generate demand for dietary diversity. The programme helps improve supply of nutrient-rich vegetables through smallholder farmers, ignites behavioural change by raising awareness about the factors that trigger improved nutrition and pays special attention to intra-household gender relations. It also increases national governance capacity.

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“After the community triggering we agreed to grow different kinds of food to enable us to provide a healthy diet for our children.“ Josephine Mulenga, Kambwi village, Zambia

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