This project is active

Strengthening the climate resilience of WASH systems for 88,246 people in the Bhutanese districts of Dagana, Zhemgang, and Trashigang.

Beyond the Finish Line - Sustainable Sanitation and Hygiene for All in Bhutan is part of an ongoing multi-country programme partnership with the Government of Australia’s Water for Women Fund implemented by SNV with partners in Bhutan, Lao PDR, and Nepal.

The project builds on earlier SNV collaborative work with the governments of Australia and Bhutan, and the latter’s November 2022 success in ending open defecation practice nationwide. In partnership with the district governments of Dagana, Zhemgang, and Trashigang, UTS-ISF, CBM Australia, and Ability Bhutan, the project contributes to,

  • strengthening the climate-resilient management of rural water services,
  • leveraging current government infrastructure investment in the sector, and
  • establishing links between improved access to rural WASH services and water security.


Representing different climatic zones in the country, project activities across the three districts seek to identify possible responses to the critical water, sanitation and hygiene (WASH) challenges faced by the country. These include:

  • countrywide drying up of water sources (now at 35%),
  • absence of water safety plans across all 20 districts,
  • community feelings of inadequacy to support climate-resilient WASH efforts and respond to the climate crisis, and
  • low investments to facilitate safely managed sanitation practice.


Priority areas for research, knowledge generation, and learning include, (1) strengthening local government leadership for climate-resilient WASH, (2) management models for rural water supply, (3) coping mechanisms for community-based groups, i.e., Water User Committees; and (4) On-site sanitation emissions (e.g., methane emissions from faecal sludge management technologies).


  • Strengthened national and local government, private sector and CSO capacity to develop safely managed sanitation and hygiene services for all
  • (Sub-)National stakeholders, CSOs and international WASH actors strengthen use of new evidence, innovation, and practices that integrate gender, socially inclusive, and sustainable approaches in safely managed sanitation and hygiene services design
  • 275,000 more people in rural and urban Bhutan gain access to safely managed sanitation and hygiene services


Photo credits: (Banner) Nuns in Khardung Monastery participate during sanitation and hygiene workshop by Thinley Dem for SNV | (Main content) Leaving no one behind: water, sanitation and people with disability stakeholder meeting


Our experts

Gabrielle Halcrow

Multi-country Programme Manager, Beyond the Finish Line

Kencho Wangdi

WASH Sector Leader - Bhutan

Ugyen Rinzin

Project Manager - WASH

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