Functionality of Rural Water Supply Services (FRWSS)


This project is active

The Functionality of Rural Water Supply Services (FRWSS) project was implemented in Cambodia, Lao PDR and Nepal.

Around the world, an estimated 780 million people still lack access to an improved water source. While many organisations are working to address this gap, too often, longer-term sustainability is forgotten in the drive to provide access - meaning more than 30% of people registered as beneficiaries of water services in fact lack access to safe, sustainable water sources.

SNV works to ensure equitable, ongoing access to safe water sources. Through capacity building, we support the professionalisation of the water sector – enabling local agencies and user groups to maintain service levels, manage water assets and ensure quality standards. 

Our Functionality of Rural Water Supply Services (FRWSS) programmes focus on:

  •     National sector development, learning and harmonisation
  •     Local WASH governance
  •     Post-construction support
  •     Improved performance of implementers and operators

Project in countries

SNV Cambodia will provide the support for the design of a pilot of decentralizing the Operation and Maintenance (O&M) function in rural water supply (RWS) to seven districts; four in the Kampot province and 3 in the Tboung Khmum province. This pilot transfer is part of the Royal Government of Cambodia’s National Program on Sub-National Democratic Development (NP-SNDD) that currently focuses on transferring service delivery functions from sector ministries to the district councils, a new level of sub-national administration which was established in 2008. The pilot transfer is expected to last for two years (FY 2015 and FY2016).

SNV Cambodia will be engaged in designing and delivering interrelated capacity development interventions aiming at (i) enabling the districts to take up the new function and (ii) at facilitating learning and knowledge sharing processes among the pilot districts, and between pilot districts and the provincial and national level.

The expected outcomes include:

  • Immediate, short-term capacity development needs of the pilot districts are met allowing them to take up the transferred responsibility for O&M in RWS;
  • A system of learning and knowledge sharing generates lessons learnt and policy inputs for the further improvement of the decentralized service arrangements in RWS, and
  • Basis is established for a durable and sustainable Capacity Development (CD) delivery system in the RWS sector that can provide much more extensive CD services once the decentralized O&M arrangement in RWS is being rolled-out nation-wide.

SNV's Functionality of Rural Water Supply Services (FRWS) programme in the Kampot province in Cambodia is working to address these issues by developing and connecting the capacities of government, water supply operators, and private/public implementers. We strive towards better management of water supply issues; informing decision-making and planning; and improving post-construction support mechanisms. 

Capacity Development for Decentralization of Rural Water Supply Operations and Maintenance

Although the FRWS programme ended in November 2015, SNV Cambodia was awarded a technical assistance project "Capacity Development for Decentralization of Rural Water Supply Operations and Maintenance", funded by the Asian Development Bank (ADB). This project kicked off on 8 February 2016.

As part of this new project, SNV Cambodia will provide the support for the design of a pilot of decentralizing the Operation and Maintenance (O&M) function in rural water supply (RWS) to seven districts; four in the Kampot province and 3 in the Tboung Khmum province. This pilot transfer is part of the Royal Government of Cambodia’s National Program on Sub-National Democratic Development (NP-SNDD) that currently focuses on transferring service delivery functions from sector ministries to the district councils, a new level of sub-national administration which was established in 2008. The pilot transfer is expected to last for two years (FY 2015 and FY2016).

SNV Cambodia will be engaged in designing and delivering interrelated capacity development interventions aiming at (i) enabling the districts to take up the new function and (ii) at facilitating learning and knowledge sharing processes among the pilot districts, and between pilot districts and the provincial and national level.

The expected outcomes include:

Immediate, short-term capacity development needs of the pilot districts are met allowing them to take up the transferred responsibility for O&M in RWS;

A system of learning and knowledge sharing generates lessons learnt and policy inputs for the further improvement of the decentralized service arrangements in RWS, and

Basis is established for a durable and sustainable Capacity Development (CD) delivery system in the RWS sector that can provide much more extensive CD services once the decentralized O&M arrangement in RWS is being rolled-out nation-wide.

Our experts

Andrew Shantz

Programme Manager - FRWS

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