Africa Biogas Partnership Programme (ABPP)

This project is completed

The project is undertaken in Ethiopia, Kenya, Tanzania, Uganda, and Burkina Faso. By June 2018, 320,000 people have benefitted from ABPP.

The Africa Biogas Partnership Programme (ABPP) is a Public- Private Partnership engagement programme which aims to provide access-to-energy services through the installation of biogas digesters in partnership with local enterprises, NGOs, and governments. After a first phase, the focus for the second phase will be on improving customer service and climate finance opportunities through the sale of carbon credits on international markets.

For country specific information about the Africa Biogas Partnership Programme click on one of the links below this article.

This is the link to the Africa Biogas Partnership Programme website.

What's new?

Key facts



To provide access to sustainable energy sources


To develop a viable and market-oriented biogas sector


To engage women and youth in low-carbon employment

Our results

Benefits in health, income and living conditions

Project in countries

National Biodigester Programme of Burkina Faso (PNB-BF)

Since January 2010, SNV Burkina Faso has been a technical partner of PNB-BF (National Programme of Biodigesters) along with the government of Burkina Faso. Our work in the domestic biogas sector is built on our worldwide recognition and hands-on-experience we gained through eighteen biogas programmes in Africa (through the Africa Biogas Partnership Programme) and Asia.

The objectives of this partnership is to create a sustainable sector focused on building bio-digesters in order to improve life conditions of the population, increase agro-pastoral production and fight against poverty in rural and peri-urban areas. As a key supporter of the Africa Biogas Partnership Programme, SNV has been active in the Burkina Faso biogas sector since 2009. SNV aims to support access to renewable energy technology for more than 150,000 people in Burkina Faso by 2015, including the creation of 1,000 jobs in the biogas value chain.

Based on phase I of the programme (6,014 biodigesters built and about 300 masons trained), the second phase will aim to create 14 biodigesters building enterprises cooperatives and to train about 10,000 actors, including households.

Overall objective of the programme

The second phase of the programme’s overall objective is to strengthen the contribution of the biodigester technology sector in the improvement of living conditions, food security and rural incomes through the use of commercial and non-commercial benefits of the biodigester.

The specific objectives of the GNP-BF Phase II are:

  • Support the construction of 18,200 quality biodigesters in the thirteen regions of the country;
  • Ensure continuous operation of all biodigesters (at least 90%) built since Phase I of the programme;
  • Ensure that at least 30% of the bio-digesters are built with a credit facility with a Micro Finance Institution or a bank;
  • Promote the participation of women in all programme activities;
  • Support 90% of customers in the integration of the biodigester in their agro-pastoral production system.
  • Ensure sustainable financing of biogas sector with carbon credit;
  • Improve access to basic energy solutions for cooking and lighting;
  • Create a commercially viable and sustainable biodigesters building market;
  • Promote the use of compost to increase agricultural productivity

Expected qualitative results:

  • Job creation
  • Increased income of rural and peri-urban households
  • Reduce the workload of women and girls
  • Reduce greenhouse gas emissions
  • Improve agricultural and animal productivity
  • Benefit from carbon credit financing

Expected quantitative results:

  • Building of 18,200 biodigesters
  • Energy Production: 183.164 [MWh]
  • Installed Capacity: 51.181 [kW]
  • Reduction of greenhouse gases emissions: 147.245 [t CO2e]
  • Reduction of deforestation: 12.148 [ha of forest]
  • Soil Nutrition: 107.864 [t (DM) digestat]
  • Substitution of conventional cooking sources of energy: fossil energy (butane gas):
  • 1.198 [t]
  • Number of people impacted: 41,560 [people]
  • Workload reduction (Women and Children) : 4,018 [persons per year]

Actions to achieve the results mentioned above:

  • Train bio-digesters actors and customers
  • Develop the bio-digester building private sector
  • Ensure quality and after-sales service
  • Organize the bio-digester building sector
  • Create / implement marketing & promotion tools
  • Register the programme on the carbon credit market
  • Develop biogas credit products
  • Adapt bio-digester to the context of Burkina Faso, a poor Sahelian country
  • Sign a carbon credit purchase agreement (Emission Reduction Purchase Agreement) with an entitled structure.

This is the link to the Africa Biogas Partnership Programme/Burkina Faso website.




Support the construction of
To be funded by a credit facility

National Biogas Programme - Ethiopia

The goal of the National Biogas Programme of Ethiopia, Phase II (NBPE-II) is to support the Government of Ethiopia's efforts in developing a commercially viable, market-oriented biogas sector for reducing carbon emissions and creating access to efficient domestic energy.

The project, which forms part of the multi-country Africa Biogas Partnership Programme (ABPP), specifically intends to support the market-driven installation of 18,000 high quality biogas plants, to provide households with clean energy for cooking and lighting and to promote the use of bio-slurry as organic fertiliser.

Building on the successful installation of 8,161 biogas plants under NBPE- I (2009-2013), which was also supported by SNV, Phase II focuses on developing private sector entrepreneurial skills in the bio-digester construction business, while working with the existing private companies to manufacture and supply biogas appliances and accessories, and promotion of use of bio-slurry as a high value organic fertiliser.

In this process SNV is supporting NBPE Coordination Units at national and regional levels in:

  • Programme management and leadership, including sector facilitation;
  • Developing capacities of the Coordination Units in different aspects of programme management, including in project management, quality management and change management; 
  • Developing and involving the private sector through development and implementation of national framework; 
  • Providing business development services (BDS) for increased private sector participation (construction, appliances, spare parts) leading to increased effectiveness and competition, as well as regional associations;
  • Developing guidelines and piloting for engagement of alternative implementing partners (AIPs);
  • Development and establishment of a customer support centre (CSC) for strengthening the quality assurance mechanism and providing information to existing and prospective customers; 
  • Promotion of bio-slurry, particularly linking with specific crops and in developing quality standards on slurry management and utilisation;
  • Undertaking studies and stakeholder consultation/facilitation for improved access to credit for bio-digester owners and the private sector;
  • Mainstreaming bio-slurry promotion activities with the regular programme activities of the federal ministry of agriculture and regional bureaus of agriculture;
  • Encouraging women in bio-slurry use in agricultural and food security related activities;
  • Providing specialist technical support in product development and improvement, quality management, market promotion and business linkages.

This is the link to the Africa Biogas Partnership Programme/Ethiopia website.

Promote the use of

Africa Biogas Partnership Programme - Kenya

The Africa Biogas Partnership Programme's (ABPP) vision is to contribute to the achievement of the Millennium Development Goals through construction of biogas digesters as a local, renewable energy source and the development of a commercially viable and market-oriented biogas sector.

It is important to emphasise that ABPP aims to underline the role of women in society by empowering them as digester owners, biodigester companies, masons, and by enabling increased economic productivity by freeing up valuable time previously used in search of wood fuel. The programme supports five national biogas programmes in Africa: Ethiopia, Kenya, Tanzania, Uganda and Burkina Faso .

By June 2015 more than 51,000 biogas digesters had been constructed in the five ABPP countries, providing more than 205,000 people with access to a sustainable and clean source of energy. Women and children are no longer exposed to indoor air pollution. Beyond this, it is safe to say there has been a breakthrough in the biogas sector by improving the institutional capacities of the organisations involved in the country programmes. 

In Kenya, ABPP is now working in the coffee value chain with ECOM Agroindustrial Corp Ltd, to include biogas digesters in the production system of 16,000 smallholder coffee farmers. This partnership will be expanded to Tanzania and Uganda, reaching 22,000 farmers. The aim is to gradually make a significant contribution to the restoration of agricultural lands leached of most of their nutrient topsoil through the introduction of biogas digesters and the promotion of bio-slurry. Biodigesters are part and parcel of sustainable dairy farming - it lowers greenhouse gas levels as and stimulates 'zero-grazing' and higher fodder production.

This is the link to the Africa Biogas Partnership Programme/Kenya website.

Construction of
Provide clean energy to

Tanzania Domestic Biogas Programme (TDBP)

SNV began supporting biogas market development in Asia in the 1980’s. Based on successful results, the Africa Biogas Partnership Programme (ABPP) started operations in 2009.

ABPP currently operates in five African countries, and includes the Tanzania Domestic Biogas Programme (TDBP). The aim of the TDBP is to initiate and assist large-scale commercial dissemination of domestic biogas to benefit rural households in Tanzania.

Through an implementation structure with local partners throughout the country, over 12,000 biogas plants were installed so far, benefitting more than 70,000 people.

More than 60 biodigester construction enterprises have been established and receive technical assistance and business development support, with more than 600 masons trained.

So far, emission reduction of more than 60,000 tCO2eq per year, thereby contributing to climate change mitigation.

Farmers have more than doubled agricultural production and income, by using the bio-slurry -the liquid left-over of the biogas plant as an organic fertilizer.

This is the link to the Africa Biogas Partnership Programme/Tanzania website.

bio digesters
Emission reduction of
tCO2eq per year

Africa Biogas Partnership Programme - Uganda

SNV Uganda is supporting the implementation of the African Biogas Partnership Programme II (ABPP II), a four-year initiative implemented by Biogas Solutions Uganda in partnership with HIVOS and funded by the Netherlands Ministry of Development Cooperation (DGIS).

ABPP II is being implemented in 5 countries; Uganda, Kenya, Tanzania, Ethiopia and Burkina Farso.  ABPP II  is a continuation of the Uganda Domestic Biogas Programme (UDBP) which started in 2009.  UDBP Phase II aims to contribute to the attainment of Uganda’s 2017 policy target of 61% of energy supplied from renewable sources. UDBP II target is to construct 13,100 biogas digesters by 2017, which will provide 78,600 farmers with clean energy for cooking and lighting.

The programme has four primary objectives:

  • Develop a commercially viable market-oriented biogas industry in Uganda.
  • Facilitate access to affordable credit for the increased adoption of biogas technology.
  • Develop and strengthen institutions that support the dissemination of biogas technology
  • Build quality bio-digesters and ensure that they remain functional.

Biogas Solutions Uganda Limited is a private company limited by guarantee managed jointly by Hivos and SNV as a component of the African Biogas Partnership Programme (ABPP) funded by the Netherlands Ministry of Foreign Affairs. Biogas Solutions Uganda Ltd is the national implementing agency for Uganda.

This is the link to the Africa Biogas Partnership Programme/Uganda website.

Provide from renewable sources
Farmers provided
with clean energy
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